Ecuador, formally the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which actually deciphers as "Republic of the Equator"), is a nation in northwestern South America, flanked by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean toward the west. Ecuador additionally incorporates the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, around 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the terrain. The capital city is Quito and the biggest city also. What is currently Ecuador was home to an assortment of Amerindian bunches that were steadily fused into the Inca Empire amid the fifteenth century. The region was colonized by Spain amid the sixteenth century, accomplishing freedom in 1820 as a major aspect of Gran Colombia, from which it rose as its very own sovereign state in 1830. The heritage of the two domains is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically various populace, with the vast majority of its 16.4 million individuals being mestizos, trailed by enormous minorities of European, Amerindian, and African relatives. Spanish is the official language and is spoken by a larger part of the populace, however 13 Amerindian dialects are likewise perceived, including Quichua.
283.561 km2 (73rd)
Quito (formally San Francisco de Quito) is the capital and the biggest city of Ecuador, and at a height of 2,850 meters (9,350 ft) above ocean level, it is the second-most astounding authority capital city on the planet, after La Paz, and the one which is nearest to the equator. It is situated in the Guayllabamba stream bowl, on the eastern inclines of Pichincha, a functioning stratovolcano in the Andes Mountains. The noteworthy focal point of Quito has one of the biggest, least-changed and best-saved notable focuses in the Americas. The focal square of Quito is situated around 25 kilometers (16 mi) south of the equator; the city itself reaches out to inside around 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) of zero scope. A landmark and exhibition hall denoting the general area of the equator is referred to locally as la mitad del mundo (the center of the world), to evade disarray, as the word ecuador is Spanish for equator.
'God, homeland and freedom'
Chuquiragua (Chuquiraga jussieui)
Chuquiraga jussieui, the blossom of the Andes, is a types of blooming plant in the Asteraceae family. It is a low bush, achieving a tallness of around 75 cm. Blossoms are light yellow or orange. It is local to Ecuador and Peru. The hummingbirds Oreotrochilus chimborazo feed on the nectar.
Condor Andino (Vultur gryphus)
The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a South American flying creature in the New World vulture family Cathartidae and is the main individual from the variety Vultur. Found in the Andes mountains and adjoining Pacific shorelines of western South America, the Andean condor is the biggest flying creature on the planet by consolidated estimation of weight and wingspan. It has a most extreme wingspan of 3.3 m (10 ft 10 in). It is an expansive dark vulture with a ruff of white quills encompassing the base of the neck and, particularly in the male, vast white fixes on the wings. The head and neck are about featherless, and are a dull red shading, which may flush and in this way change shading because of the winged animal's passionate state. In the male, there is a wattle on the neck and a huge, dim red brush or caruncle on the crown of the head. In contrast to most feathered creatures of prey, the male is bigger than the female. It is one of the world's longest-living winged creatures, with a life expectancy of more than 70 years now and again.
sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images