CAMEROON


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Flag

Coat of Arms

Territory
475,442 km2 (53rd)

Capital
Yaoundé

Language
English-French

Motto
'Peace,Work,Fatherland'

National Flower
Red Stinkwood (Prunus africana)

National Animal
Lion (Panthera leo)

Flag


Cameroon Flag

Cameroon, authoritatively the Republic of Cameroon, is a nation in Central Africa. It is circumscribed by Nigeria toward the west and north; Chad toward the upper east; the Central African Republic toward the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo toward the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, some portion of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. In spite of the fact that Cameroon isn't an ECOWAS part state, it topographically and verifiably is in West Africa with the Southern Cameroons which currently structure her Northwest and Southwest Regions having a solid West African history. The nation is once in a while distinguished as West African and different occasions as Central African because of its vital position at the intersection among West and Central Africa. French and English are the official dialects of Cameroon. The nation is regularly alluded to as "Africa in smaller than usual" for its topographical and social assorted variety. Regular highlights incorporate shorelines, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The most astounding point at right around 4,100 meters (13,500 ft) is Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Region of the nation, and the biggest urban communities in populace terms are Douala on the Wouri stream, its monetary capital and principle seaport, Yaoundé, its political capital, and Garoua. The nation is notable for its local styles of music, especially makossa and bikutsi. Early occupants of the domain incorporated the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka seeker gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese voyagers achieved the coast in the fifteenth century and named the territory Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which moved toward becoming Cameroon in English. Fulani officers established the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the nineteenth century, and different ethnic gatherings of the west and northwest settled amazing chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon turned into a German province in 1884 known as Kamerun. After World War I, the domain was isolated among France and the United Kingdom as League of Nations orders. The Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) ideological group upheld freedom, however was banned by France during the 1950s, prompting the Bamileke War battled among French and UPC activist powers until mid 1971. In 1960, the French-controlled piece of Cameroon wound up free as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern piece of British Cameroons combined with it in 1961 to frame the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The league was relinquished in 1972. The nation was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.


Coat of Arms


Cameroon Coat of Arms

Territory


Cameroon Map

475,442 km2 (53rd)


Capital


Cameroon Capital

Yaoundé

Yaoundé is the capital of Cameroon and, with a populace of more than 2.8 million, the second-biggest city in the nation after the port city Douala. It lies in the Center Region of the country at a height of around 750 meters (2,500 ft) above ocean level. Amid World War I, Jaunde was involved by Belgian troops from the Congo. After Imperial Germany's thrashing in that war, France held eastern Cameroon as a command of the League of Nations and Yaoundé was picked to turn into the capital of the province in 1922. Douala since quite a while ago remained the more significant settlement, however Yaoundé saw quick development after 1957 because of the cocoa emergency and distress along the coast. It proceeded as the seat of government for the Republic of Cameroon upon its autonomy.


Languague


Cameroon Languague

English-French



Motto


Cameroon Motto

'Peace,Work,Fatherland'



National Flower


Cameroon National Flower

Red Stinkwood (Prunus africana)

Prunus africana, the African cherry, has a wide conveyance in Africa, happening in montane districts of focal and southern Africa. It very well may be found at 900– 3,400 m (3,000– 10,000 ft) above ocean level. It is a shade tree 30– 40 m in stature, and is the tallest individual from Prunus. Substantial measurement trees have noteworthy, spreading crowns. It requires a soggy atmosphere, 900– 3,400 mm (35– 130 in) yearly precipitation, and is respectably ice tolerant. The bark is dark to darker, ridged or fissured, and layered, fissuring in a trademark rectangular example. The leaves are substitute, basic, 8– 20 cm (3.1– 7.9 in) long, circular, obtusely or intensely pointed, glabrous, and dull green above, light green beneath, with somewhat serrated edges. A focal vein is discouraged on top, conspicuous on the base. The 2 cm (0.8 in) petiole is pink or red. The blossoms are gender ambiguous, 10-20 stamens, creepy crawly pollinated, 3– 8 cm (1– 3 in), greenish white or buff, and are conveyed in 70 mm (2.8 in) axillary racemes. The natural product is a drupe, red to darker, 7– 13 mm (0.3– 0.5 in), more extensive than long, two-lobed, with a seed in every flap. It develops in packs maturing September through November, a while after fertilization. Prunus africana is known by the regular names African cherry, pygeum (from its previous logical name, Pygeum africanum), iron wood, red stinkwood, African plum, African prune, and harsh almond.


National Animal


Cameroon National Animal

Lion (Panthera leo)

Lion (Panthera leo ) is an animal groups in the family Felidae; it is a strong, profound chested feline with a short, adjusted head, a diminished neck and round ears, and a shaggy tuft toward the finish of its tail. The lion is explicitly dimorphic; guys are bigger than females with an average weight scope of 150 to 250 kg (330 to 550 lb) for guys and 120 to 182 kg (265 to 400 lb) for females. Male lions have a conspicuous mane, which is the most unmistakable component of the species. A lion pride comprises of a couple of grown-up guys, related females and offspring. Gatherings of female lions commonly chase together, preying generally on substantial ungulates. The species is a pinnacle and cornerstone predator, despite the fact that they search when openings happen. Commonly, the lion occupies prairies and savannas however is missing in thick timberlands. It is normally more diurnal than other huge felines, yet when oppressed it adjusts to being dynamic during the evening and at dusk. In the Pleistocene, the lion went all through Eurasia, Africa and North America yet today it has been diminished to divided populaces in Sub-Saharan Africa and one fundamentally imperiled populace in western India. A standout amongst the most generally perceived creature images in human culture, the lion has been widely delineated in figures and artworks, on national banners, and in contemporary movies and writing. Lions have been kept in zoos since the season of the Roman Empire and have been a key animal varieties looked for presentation in zoological gardens over the world since the late eighteenth century. Social portrayals of lions were unmistakable in the Upper Paleolithic time frame; carvings and compositions from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves in France have been dated to 17,000 years back, and delineations have happened in for all intents and purposes all old and medieval societies that matched with the lion's previous and current reaches. The lion's name, which is comparative in many Romance dialects, is gotten from Latin: leo.


Demonym(s)

Cameroonian

Population

23,439,189
(2016 estimate)

Currency

Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Time Zone

UTC+1 (WAT)

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*sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images