SAMOA


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Flag

Coat of Arms

Territory
2,842 km² (167th)

Capital
Apia

Language
English - Samoan

Motto
'Samoa is founded on God'

National Flower
Teuila red flower

National Animal
Manumea (Didunculus strigirostris)

National Animal
Whale (Cetacea)

Flag


Samoa Flag

Samoa, authoritatively the Independent State of Samoa, known as Western Samoa, is a nation comprising of two primary islands, Savai'i and Upolu, and four littler islands. The capital city is Apia. The Lapita individuals found and settled the Samoan Islands around 3,500 years back. They built up a remarkable Samoan language and Samoan social character. Samoa is a unitary parliamentary majority rule government with eleven regulatory divisions. The nation is an individual from the Commonwealth of Nations. Western Samoa was admitted to the United Nations on 15 December 1976. Samoa lies south of the equator, somewhere between Hawaii and New Zealand, in the Polynesian district of the Pacific Ocean. The complete land zone is 2,842 km2 (1,097 sq mi), comprising of the two enormous islands of Upolu and Savai'i (which together record for 99% of the absolute land zone) and eight little islets. These are the three islets in the Apolima Strait (Manono Island, Apolima and Nu'ulopa), the four Aleipata Islands off the eastern end of Upolu (Nu'utele, Nu'ulua, Namua, and Fanuatapu), and Nu'usafe'e which is under 1 hectare (2½ sections of land) in territory and about 1.4 km (0.9 mi) off the south shoreline of Upolu at the town of Vaovai. The principle island of Upolu is home to about seventy five percent of Samoa's populace, and to the capital city, Apia. The Samoan islands result geographically from volcanism, beginning with the Samoa hotspot which likely outcomes from a mantle tuft. While the majority of the islands have volcanic roots, just Savai'i, the westernmost island in Samoa, remains volcanically dynamic, with the latest ejections in Mt Matavanu (1905– 1911), Mata o le Afi (1902) and Mauga Afi (1725). The most elevated point in Samoa is Mt Silisili, at 1858 m (6,096 ft). The Saleaula magma fields arranged on the focal north shore of Savai'i are the consequence of the Mt Matavanu emissions which left 50 km2 (20 sq mi) of set magma.


Coat of Arms


Samoa Coat of Arms

Territory


Samoa Map

2,842 km2 (167th)


Capital


Samoa Capital

Apia

Apia is the capital and the biggest city of Samoa. From 1900 to 1919, it was the capital of German Samoa. The city is situated on the focal north shoreline of Upolu, Samoa's second biggest island. Apia is the main city in Samoa and falls inside the political locale (itumalo) of Tuamasaga. Apia was initially a little town, from which the nation's capital took its name. Apia town still exists inside the bigger present day capital of Apia which has developed into a rambling urban territory with numerous towns. Like each other settlement in the nation, Apia town has its very own matai mostly pioneers and fa'alupega (lineage and standard welcome) as indicated by fa'a Samoa. The advanced capital Apia was established during the 1850s and has been the official capital of Samoa since 1959. Apia is arranged on a characteristic harbor at the mouth of the Vaisigano River. It is on a tight beach front plain with Mount Vaea (rise 472 meters (1,549 ft)), the entombment spot of author Robert Louis Stevenson, straightforwardly to its south. Two primary edges run south on either side of the Vaisigano River, with streets on each. The more western of these is Cross Island Road, one of only a handful couple of streets slicing north to south over the center of the island toward the south bank of Upolu.


Languague


Samoa Languague

English-Samoan



Motto


Samoa Motto

'Samoa is founded on God'



National Flower


Samoa National Flower

Teuila red flower


National Animal


Samoa National Animal

Manumea (Didunculus strigirostris)

The tooth-billed pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris), otherwise called the Manumea, is an enormous pigeon discovered just in Samoa. It is the main living types of sort Didunculus. The tooth-billed pigeon is a medium-sized, roughly 31 cm long, dim pigeon with rosy feet and red uncovered skin around the eye. The underparts, head and neck are grayish with a slight blue-green radiance, and the tail, wings-coverts and tertials are rufous chestnut, while the remaining remiges are blackish. It has an enormous, bended, and snared splendid red bill with tooth-like projections on the lower mandible. Both genders are comparable, however the adolescent is more blunt with a browner head, with a dark bill with just the base a light orange.


National Animal


Samoa National Animal

Whale (Cetacea)

Whale are oceanic warm blooded animals establishing the infraorder Cetacea. There are around 89 living species, which are isolated into two parvorders. The first is the Odontoceti, the toothed whales, which comprise of around 70 species, including the dolphin (which incorporates executioner whales), porpoise, beluga whale, narwhal, sperm whale, and angled whale. In spite of the fact that cetaceans are across the board, most species lean toward the colder waters of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. They spend their lives in the water of oceans and streams; mating, conceive an offspring, shed or break from predators, similar to executioner whales, submerged. This has definitely influenced their life structures to have the option to do as such. They feed to a great extent on fish and marine spineless creatures; however a couple, similar to the executioner whale, feed on huge warm blooded animals and fowls, for example, penguins and seals.


Demonym(s)

Samoan

Population

195,843
(2016 census)

Currency

Tala (WST)

Time Zone

UTC+13

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*sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images