Sri Lanka, authoritatively the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island nation in South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean toward the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and toward the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is verifiably and socially interwoven with the Indian subcontinent, however is geologically isolated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The administrative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the business capital and biggest city, Colombo. Sri Lanka's reported history traverses 3,000 years, with proof of pre-memorable human settlements going back to in any event 125,000 years. It has a rich social legacy and the main known Buddhist compositions of Sri Lanka, the Pali Canon, go back to the Fourth Buddhist chamber in 29 BC. Its geographic area and profound harbors made it of extraordinary vital significance from the season of the old Silk Road through to the advanced Maritime Silk Road. Sri Lanka was known from the earliest starting point of British pioneer rule as Ceylon. A patriot political development emerged in the nation in the mid twentieth century to get political autonomy, which was allowed in 1948; the nation turned into a republic and embraced its present name in 1972. Sri Lanka's ongoing history has been defaced by a 26-year common war, which definitively finished when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces crushed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009.
65,610 km2 (120th)
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (regularly known as Kotte) is the official, regulatory capital of Sri Lanka. Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is a satellite city and inside the urban zone of Sri Lanka's true capital, Colombo. Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council territory is limited in, the North by Kolonnawa Urban Council zone, the North-East by the Kotikawatta– Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha region, the East by the Kaduwela Municipal Council region, the South-East by the Maharagama Urban Council zone, the South-West by the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council and the West by the Colombo Municipal Council region, which is the business capital of Sri Lanka.
Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)
Nymphaea nouchali, frequently known by its equivalent word Nymphaea stellata, or by normal names blue lotus, star lotus, red and blue water lily, blue star water lily or manel blossom is a water lily of family Nymphaea. It is local to southern and eastern pieces of Asia, and is the national bloom of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. N. nouchali is multi day-sprouting nonviviparous plant with submerged roots and stems. Some portion of the leaves are submerged, while others rise marginally over the surface. The leaves are round and green on top; they as a rule have a darker underside. The coasting leaves have undulating edges that give them a crenelated appearance. Their size is about 20– 23 cm and their spread is 0.9 to 1.8 m. This water lily has an excellent bloom which is generally violet blue in shading with ruddy edges. A few assortments have white, purple, mauve, or fuchsia-hued blossoms, subsequently its name red and blue water lily. The blossom has four or five sepals and 13-15 petals that have a precise appearance, making the bloom look star-formed from above. The glass like calyx has a width of 11– 14 cm.
Sri Lankan junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii)
The Sri Lankan junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii), otherwise called the Ceylon junglefowl, is an individual from the Galliformes flying creature request which is endemic to Sri Lanka, where it is the national fledgling. It is firmly identified with the red junglefowl (G. gallus), the wild junglefowl from which the chicken was tamed. Likewise with other junglefowl, the Sri Lankan junglefowl is firmly explicitly dimorphic; the male is a lot bigger than the female, with increasingly striking plumage and a profoundly overstated wattle and brush. The male Sri Lankan junglefowl ranges from 66– 72 cm (26– 28 in) long and 790– 1,140 g (1.74– 2.51 lb) in weight, basically taking after an expansive, solid chicken. The male has orange-red body plumage, and dull purple to dark wings and tail. The quills of the mane sliding from head to base of spine are brilliant, and the face has uncovered red skin and wattles. The brush is red with a yellow focus. Similarly as with the green junglefowl, the chicken does not have an overshadowing plumage. The female is a lot littler, at just 35 cm (14 in) long and 510– 645 g (1.124– 1.422 lb) in weight, with dull dark colored plumage with white designing on the lower stomach and bosom, perfect cover for a settling fledgling.
Lion (Panthera leo)
Lion (Panthera leo ) is an animal groups in the family Felidae; it is a strong, profound chested feline with a short, adjusted head, a diminished neck and round ears, and a shaggy tuft toward the finish of its tail. The lion is explicitly dimorphic; guys are bigger than females with an average weight scope of 150 to 250 kg (330 to 550 lb) for guys and 120 to 182 kg (265 to 400 lb) for females. Male lions have a conspicuous mane, which is the most unmistakable component of the species. A lion pride comprises of a couple of grown-up guys, related females and offspring. Gatherings of female lions commonly chase together, preying generally on substantial ungulates. The species is a pinnacle and cornerstone predator, despite the fact that they search when openings happen. Commonly, the lion occupies prairies and savannas however is missing in thick timberlands. It is normally more diurnal than other huge felines, yet when oppressed it adjusts to being dynamic during the evening and at dusk. In the Pleistocene, the lion went all through Eurasia, Africa and North America yet today it has been diminished to divided populaces in Sub-Saharan Africa and one fundamentally imperiled populace in western India. A standout amongst the most generally perceived creature images in human culture, the lion has been widely delineated in figures and artworks, on national banners, and in contemporary movies and writing. Lions have been kept in zoos since the season of the Roman Empire and have been a key animal varieties looked for presentation in zoological gardens over the world since the late eighteenth century. Social portrayals of lions were unmistakable in the Upper Paleolithic time frame; carvings and compositions from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves in France have been dated to 17,000 years back, and delineations have happened in for all intents and purposes all old and medieval societies that matched with the lion's previous and current reaches. The lion's name, which is comparative in many Romance dialects, is gotten from Latin: leo.
*sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images