SIERRA LEONE


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Flag

Coat of Arms

Territory
71,740 km2 (117th)

Capital
Freetown

Language
English-Temne-Mende-Krio

Motto
'Unity, Freedom, Justice'

National Animal
Lion (Panthera leo)

Flag


Sierra Leone Flag

Sierra Leone, authoritatively the Republic of Sierra Leone, casually Salone, is a nation on the southwest bank of West Africa. It has a tropical atmosphere, with a various situation extending from savanna to rainforests. The nation has an all out territory of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi). Sierra Leone is a sacred republic with a legitimately chosen president and a unicameral lawmaking body. The nation's capital and biggest city is Freetown. Sierra Leone is comprised of five authoritative districts: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These areas are subdivided into sixteen regions. Sierra Leone was a British Crown Colony from 1808 to 1961. Sierra Leone wound up autonomous from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, driven by Sir Milton Margai, who turned into the nation's first head administrator. 16 ethnic gatherings occupy Sierra Leone, each with its very own language and traditions. The two biggest and most powerful are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are prevalently found in the northwest of the nation, and the Mende are dominating in the southeast. Containing a little minority, about 2%, are the Krio individuals, who are relatives of liberated African-American and West Indian slaves. Albeit English is the official language, utilized in schools and government organization, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most broadly spoken language crosswise over Sierra Leone and is spoken by 98% of the nation's populace. The Krio language joins all the diverse ethnic gatherings in the nation, particularly in their exchange and social collaboration.


Coat of Arms


Sierra Leone Coat of Arms

Territory


Sierra Leone Map

71,740 km2 (117th)


Capital


Sierra Leone Capital

Freetown

Freetown is the capital and biggest city of Sierra Leone. It is a noteworthy port city on the Atlantic Ocean and is situated in the Western Area of the nation. Freetown is Sierra Leone's major urban, monetary, money related, social, instructive and political focus, as it is the seat of the Government of Sierra Leone. The city's economy spins generally around its harbor, which involves a piece of the estuary of the Sierra Leone River in one of the world's biggest regular profound water harbors. The city of Freetown is separated into three metropolitan districts; the East End, Central, and the West End, which in transforms are partitioned into 8 discretionary wards: East I, East II, East III, Central I, Central II, West I, West II, and West III. The East End is both the most crowded, and the most thickly crowded of the three locales inside Freetown.


Languague


Sierra Leone Languague

English-Temne-Mende-Krio



Motto


Sierra Leone Motto

'Unity, Freedom, Justice'



National Animal


Sierra Leone National Animal

Lion (Panthera leo)

Lion (Panthera leo ) is an animal groups in the family Felidae; it is a strong, profound chested feline with a short, adjusted head, a diminished neck and round ears, and a shaggy tuft toward the finish of its tail. The lion is explicitly dimorphic; guys are bigger than females with an average weight scope of 150 to 250 kg (330 to 550 lb) for guys and 120 to 182 kg (265 to 400 lb) for females. Male lions have a conspicuous mane, which is the most unmistakable component of the species. A lion pride comprises of a couple of grown-up guys, related females and offspring. Gatherings of female lions commonly chase together, preying generally on substantial ungulates. The species is a pinnacle and cornerstone predator, despite the fact that they search when openings happen. Commonly, the lion occupies prairies and savannas however is missing in thick timberlands. It is normally more diurnal than other huge felines, yet when oppressed it adjusts to being dynamic during the evening and at dusk. In the Pleistocene, the lion went all through Eurasia, Africa and North America yet today it has been diminished to divided populaces in Sub-Saharan Africa and one fundamentally imperiled populace in western India. A standout amongst the most generally perceived creature images in human culture, the lion has been widely delineated in figures and artworks, on national banners, and in contemporary movies and writing. Lions have been kept in zoos since the season of the Roman Empire and have been a key animal varieties looked for presentation in zoological gardens over the world since the late eighteenth century. Social portrayals of lions were unmistakable in the Upper Paleolithic time frame; carvings and compositions from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves in France have been dated to 17,000 years back, and delineations have happened in for all intents and purposes all old and medieval societies that matched with the lion's previous and current reaches. The lion's name, which is comparative in many Romance dialects, is gotten from Latin: leo.


Demonym(s)

Sierra Leonean

Population

7,075,641
(2015 census)

Currency

Leone (SLL)

Time Zone

UTC+0 (GMT)

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*sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images