ARMENIA


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Flag

Coat of Arms

Territory
29,743 km2 (138th)

Capital
Yerevan

Language
Armenian

Motto
'One nation , one culture'

National Animal
Eagle (Hieraatus spilogaster)

Flag


Armenia Flag

Armenia, authoritatively the Republic of Armenia, is a nation in the South Caucasus area of Eurasia. Situated in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is circumscribed by Turkey toward the west, Georgia toward the north, the true free Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan toward the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan toward the south. Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, equitable country state with an old social legacy. Urartu was built up in 860 BC and by the sixth century BC it was supplanted by the Satrapy of Armenia. The Kingdom of Armenia achieved its stature under Tigranes the Great in the first century BC and turned into the main state on the planet to embrace Christianity as its official religion in the late third or mid fourth century AD. The official date of state appropriation of Christianity is 301. The old Armenian kingdom was part between the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires around the mid fifth century. Under the Bagratuni tradition, the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia was reestablished in the ninth century. Declining because of the wars against the Byzantines, the kingdom fell in 1045 and Armenia was not long after attacked by the Seljuk Turks. An Armenian territory and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was situated on the shoreline of the Mediterranean Sea between the eleventh and fourteenth hundreds of years. Between the sixteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years, the customary Armenian country made out of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia went under the standard of the Ottoman and Iranian domains, more than once managed by both of the two throughout the hundreds of years. By the nineteenth century, Eastern Armenia had been vanquished by the Russian Empire, while a large portion of the western pieces of the customary Armenian country stayed under Ottoman standard. Amid World War I, Armenians living in their tribal terrains in the Ottoman Empire were methodicallly eradicated in the Armenian Genocide. In 1918, after the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian nations pronounced their freedom after the Russian Empire stopped to exist, prompting the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. By 1920, the state was joined into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 turned into an establishing individual from the Soviet Union. In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was broken down, changing its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics. The advanced Republic of Armenia wound up autonomous in 1991 amid the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Armenia perceives the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's most established national church, as the nation's essential religious foundation.


Coat of Arms


Armenia Coat of Arms

Territory


Armenia Map

29,743 km2 (138th)


Capital


Armenia Capital

Yerevan

Yerevan is the capital and biggest city of Armenia just as one of the world's most seasoned persistently occupied urban communities. Arranged along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the regulatory, social, and modern focus of the nation. It has been the capital since 1918, the fourteenth ever of and the seventh situated in or around the Ararat plain. The city additionally fills in as the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese; the biggest see of the Armenian Apostolic Church and one of the most seasoned wards on the planet. The historical backdrop of Yerevan goes back to the eighth century BC, with the establishing of the post of Erebuni in 782 BC by ruler Argishti I at the western outrageous of the Ararat plain. Erebuni was "structured as an extraordinary regulatory and religious focus, a completely illustrious capital." By the late antiquated Armenian Kingdom, new capital urban areas were set up and Yerevan declined in significance. Under Iranian and Russian standard, it was the focal point of the Erivan Khanate from 1736 to 1828 and the Erivan Governorate from 1850 to 1917, separately. After World War I, Yerevan turned into the capital of the First Republic of Armenia as a large number of overcomers of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire touched base in the region. The city extended quickly amid the twentieth century as Armenia turned out to be a piece of the Soviet Union. In a couple of decades, Yerevan was changed from a commonplace town inside the Russian Empire to Armenia's important social, masterful, and modern focus, just as turning into the seat of national government. With the development of the Armenian economy, Yerevan has experienced real change. Much development has been done all through the city since the mid 2000s. Of the prominent tourist spots of Yerevan, Erebuni Fortress is viewed as the origination of the city.


Languague


Armenia Languague

Armenian



Motto


Armenia Motto

'One nation , one culture'



National Animal


Armenia National Animal

Hawk-Eagle (Hieraatus spilogaster)

The genus Hieraaetus, some of the time known as bird of prey hawks, signifies a gathering of smallish falcons normally put in the Buteoninae or Aquilinae subfamilies of accipitrids. They are medium-sized feathered creatures of prey possessing Europe, Asia, Africa, New Guinea and Australia. The bird of prey hawk is a little to medium-sized falcon at about 55– 65 centimeters (22– 26 in) long. The upper parts are blackish. Its underparts are white intensely streaked with dark. The underwing flight quills are white with a dark trailing edge. The underwing coverts are generally dark with white spots. Genders are comparable, however youthful winged creatures are dark colored above and rufous tinge replaces the dark underparts of the grown-up.


Demonym(s)

Armenian

Population

2,924,816
(2016 estimate)

Currency

Dram (AMD)

Time Zone

UTC+4 (AMT)

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*sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images