COLOMBIA

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Flag

Coat of Arms

Territory
1.141.748 km2

Capital
Bogota

Language
SPANISH

Motto
'Freedom and Order'

National Flower
Orquidea Colombiana (Cattleya trianae)

National Animal
Condor Andino (Vultur gryphus)






Flag


Colombia Flag

Colombia, authoritatively the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state to a great extent arranged in the northwest of South America, with regions in Central America. Colombia imparts a fringe toward the northwest to Panama, toward the east with Venezuela and Brazil and toward the south with Ecuador and Peru. It imparts its oceanic points of confinement to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, established republic containing thirty-two offices, with the capital in Bogota. Colombia is a standout amongst the most ethnically and phonetically various nations on the planet, with its rich social legacy reflecting impacts by indigenous people groups, European settlement, constrained African movement, migration from Europe and the Middle East. Urban focuses are for the most part situated in the good countries of the Andes mountains and the Caribbean coast.


Coat of Arms


Colombia Coat of Arms

Territory


Colombia Map

1.141.748 km2 (25th)


Capital


Colombia Capital

Bogota

Bogotá, authoritatively Bogotá, Distrito Capital, contracted Bogotá, D.C., and previously known as Santafé/Santa Fé de Bogotá somewhere in the range of 1991 and 2000, is the capital and biggest city of Colombia, regulated as the Capital District, albeit frequently wrongly thought of as a major aspect of Cundinamarca. Bogotá is a regional substance of the primary request, with a similar managerial status as the divisions of Colombia. It is the political, financial, managerial, modern, creative, social, and sports focal point of the nation. Bogotá was established as the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada on August 6, 1538, by Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada after a brutal undertaking into the Andes overcoming the Muisca. The Muisca were the indigenous occupants of the area and called the settlement where Bogotá was established Bacatá, which in the Chibcha language signifies "The Lady of the Andes." Further, the word 'Andes' in the Aymara language signifies "sparkling mountain," in this way rendering the full lexical implication of Bogotá as "The Lady of the sparkling mountain." After the Battle of Boyacá on August 7, 1819, Bogotá turned into the capital of the autonomous country of Gran Colombia. Since the Viceroyalty of New Granada's autonomy from the Spanish Empire and amid the arrangement of present-day Colombia, Bogotá has remained the capital of this domain. The city is situated in the focal point of Colombia, on a high level known as the Bogotá savanna, some portion of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense situated in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes. It is the third-most astounding capital in South America and on the planet after Quito and La Paz, at a normal of 2,640 meters (8,660 ft) above ocean level. Subdivided into 20 areas, Bogotá has a territory of 1,587 square kilometers (613 square miles) and a generally cool atmosphere that is steady as the year progressed. The city is home to focal workplaces of the official branch (Office of the President), the administrative branch (Congress of Colombia) and the legal branch (Supreme Court of Justice, Constitutional Court, Council of State and the Superior Council of Judicature) of the Colombian government. Bogotá emerges for its monetary quality and related money related development, its appeal to worldwide organizations and the nature of human capital. It is the budgetary and business heart of Colombia, with the most business movement of any city in the nation.


Languague


Colombia Languague

Spanish



Motto


Colombia Motto

'Freedom and Order'



National Flower of Colombia


Colombia National Flower

Orquidea Colombiana (Cattleya trianae)

Cattleya trianae, otherwise called Flor de Mayo ("May bloom") or "Christmas orchid", is a plant having a place with the Orchidaceae family. It develops as an epiphytic orchid, with succulent leaves, endemic to Colombia where it was named as the national blossom in November 1936. The species develops at 1500– 2000 meters above ocean level, in Cloud woodlands. It is a jeopardized species because of living space devastation.


National Animal of Colombia


Colombia National Animal

Condor Andino (Vultur gryphus)

The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a South American flying creature in the New World vulture family Cathartidae and is the main individual from the variety Vultur. Found in the Andes mountains and adjoining Pacific shorelines of western South America, the Andean condor is the biggest flying creature on the planet by consolidated estimation of weight and wingspan. It has a most extreme wingspan of 3.3 m (10 ft 10 in). It is an expansive dark vulture with a ruff of white quills encompassing the base of the neck and, particularly in the male, vast white fixes on the wings. The head and neck are about featherless, and are a dull red shading, which may flush and in this way change shading because of the winged animal's passionate state. In the male, there is a wattle on the neck and a huge, dim red brush or caruncle on the crown of the head. In contrast to most feathered creatures of prey, the male is bigger than the female. It is one of the world's longest-living winged creatures, with a life expectancy of more than 70 years now and again.


Demonym(s)

Colombian

Population

49,996,445
(2018 estimate)

Currency

Peso (COP)

Time Zone

UTC−5 (COT)

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*photo sources: Wikimedia Commons , google images

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