The Rome Masters is a tennis tournament held annually in Rome, Italy. It takes place in late April or early May in separate weeks, using clay courts. The tournament was originally known as the Italian Open. Its official name is the Internazionali BNL d'Italia tournament. This event belongs to the ATP Masters 1000.
All Rome Champions
|1969||John Newcombe||Tony Roche||6–3 4–6 6–2 5–7 6–3|
|1970||Ilie Năstase||Jan Kodeš||6–3 1–6 6–3 8–6|
|1971||Rod Laver (2)||Jan Kodeš||7–5 6–3 6–3|
|1972||Manuel Orantes||Jan Kodeš||4–6 6–1 7–5 6–2|
|1973||Ilie Năstase (2)||Manuel Orantes||6–1 6–1 6–1|
|1974||Björn Borg||Ilie Năstase||6–3 6–4 6–2|
|1975||Raúl Ramírez||Manuel Orantes||7–6 7–5 7–5|
|1976||Adriano Panatta||Guillermo Vilas||2–6 7–6 6–2 7–6|
|1977||Vitas Gerulaitis||Antonio Zugarelli||6–2 7–6 3–6 7–6|
|1978||Björn Borg (2)||Adriano Panatta||1–6 6–3 6–1 4–6 6–3|
|1979||Vitas Gerulaitis (2)||Guillermo Vilas||6–7 7–6 6–7 6–4 6–2|
|1980||Guillermo Vilas||Yannick Noah||6–0 6–4 6–4|
|1981||José Luis Clerc||Víctor Pecci||6–3 6–4 6–0|
|1982||Andrés Gómez||Eliot Teltscher||6–2 6–3 6–2|
|1983||Jimmy Arias||José Higueras||6–2 6–7 6–1 6–4|
|1984||Andrés Gómez (2)||Aaron Krickstein||2–6 6–1 6–2 6–2|
|1985||Yannick Noah||Miloslav Mečíř||6–3 3–6 6–2 7–6|
|1986||Ivan Lendl||Emilio Sánchez||7–5 4–6 6–1 6–1|
|1987||Mats Wilander||Martín Jaite||6–3 6–4 6–4|
|1988||Ivan Lendl (2)||Guillermo Pérez Roldán||2–6 6–4 6–2 4–6 6–4|
|1989||Alberto Mancini||Andre Agassi||6–3 4–6 2–6 7–6 6–1|
|1990||Thomas Muster||Andrei Chesnokov||6–1 6–3 6–1|
|1991||Emilio Sánchez||Alberto Mancini||6–3 6–1 3–0 (ret.)|
|1992||Jim Courier||Carlos Costa||7–6 6–0 6–4|
|1993||Jim Courier (2)||Goran Ivanišević||6–1 6–2 6–2|
|1994||Pete Sampras||Boris Becker||6–1 6–2 6–2|
|1995||Thomas Muster (2)||Sergi Bruguera||3–6 7–6(7–5) 6–2 6–3|
|1996||Thomas Muster (3)||Richard Krajicek||6–2 6–4 3–6 6–3|
|1997||Àlex Corretja||Marcelo Ríos||7–5 7–5 6–3|
|1998||Marcelo Ríos||Albert Costa||(walkover)|
|1999||Gustavo Kuerten||Patrick Rafter||6–4 7–5 7–6(8–6)|
|2000||Magnus Norman||Gustavo Kuerten||6–3 4–6 6–4 6–4|
|2001||Juan Carlos Ferrero||Gustavo Kuerten||3–6 6–1 2–6 6–4 6–2|
|2002||Andre Agassi||Tommy Haas||6–3 6–3 6–0|
|2003||Félix Mantilla||Roger Federer||7–5 6–2 7–6(10–8)|
|2004||Carlos Moyà||David Nalbandian||6–3 6–3 6–1|
|2005||Rafael Nadal||Guillermo Coria||6–4 3–6 6–3 4–6 7–6(8–6)|
|2006||Rafael Nadal (2)||Roger Federer||6–7(0–7) 7–6(7–5) 6–4 2–6 7–6(7–5)|
|2007||Rafael Nadal (3)||Fernando González||6–2 6–2|
|2008||Novak Djokovic||Stan Wawrinka||4–6 6–3 6–3|
|2009||Rafael Nadal (4)||Novak Djokovic||7–6(7–2) 6–2|
|2010||Rafael Nadal (5)||David Ferrer||7–5 6–2|
|2011||Novak Djokovic (2)||Rafael Nadal||6–4 6–4|
|2012||Rafael Nadal (6)||Novak Djokovic||7–5 6–3|
|2013||Rafael Nadal (7)||Roger Federer||6–1 6–3|
|2014||Novak Djokovic (3)||Rafael Nadal||4–6 6–3 6–3|
|2015||Novak Djokovic (4)||Roger Federer||6–4 6–3|
|2016||Andy Murray||Novak Djokovic||6–3 6–3|
|2017||Alexander Zverev||Novak Djokovic||6–4 6–3|
|2018||Rafael Nadal (8)||Alexander Zverev||6–1 1–6 6–3|
|2019||Rafael Nadal (9)||Novak Djokovic||6–0 4–6 6–1|
|2020||Novak Djokovic (5)||Diego Schwartzman||7–5 6–3|
The men's event is part of the ATP Masters 1000 series and the women's event is part of the WTA Premiere 5 series. Both tournaments (men's and women's) are held in May. Athletes play on red clay.
The tournament was first held in 1930 in Milan and continued to be played there until 1934 when it was decided that the competition would move to Rome. From 1936 to 1949 the tournament was not held, it was resumed in 1950, and in 1969, with the beginning of the Open Era, it received the status of "Open".
In 1979 the women's tournament was held in Taranto, and from 1980 to 1986 in Perugia. These were the years of the greatest decline of the tournament: the Olympic stadium "Foro Italico", where it was held, gradually deteriorated, and the leading players of both sexes preferred to spend that part of the season in exhibition meetings and in tournaments that guaranteed extra payments for the mere fact of participation.
The image of the championship was not helped by the world-famous bias of the Italian linesmen. Tennis journalist John Feinstein writes that at the 1976 tournament they so openly mocked the local favourite Nicola Pietrangeli in every match that one of the chair umpires even refused to continue the match, and in the early 1980s, Pietrangeli, who was finishing his career, participated personally in the toss behind closed doors, choosing easier opponents in the first round. For the entire 1983 championship, it was attended by 19,000 spectators, most of them with free tickets. The restoration of the Italian Open's image began after the management giant IMG bought the rights to it in 1982.
The new tournament director, Cino Marchesa, began the process by getting large corporations to renovate the stadium (where, in particular, the number of courts was increased from six to eight and new, more spacious grandstands were built) and the adjacent residential complex, and then offered the top players improved pay conditions. The issue of bringing the women's championship back to Rome was then resolved: since the organizers of the tournament in Perugia did not agree to cede the rights to it to the Marchesa, in return IMG purchased the women's franchise in Florida and transferred the rights to it to Rome with the condition that the women's tournament would not be held simultaneously with the men's, but in the preceding week. To ensure early attendance at the women's championships, Marchese combined season tickets for the men's and women's tournaments, allowing customers to purchase both for 120 percent of the price of one. The women's portion of the tournament finally regained popularity after the beautiful semifinals (Navratilova-Sabatini) and the 1987 final.
In addition to the traditional women's and men's singles and doubles tournaments, the amateur era of the tournament also featured mixed doubles competitions.
Some tennis fans believe that the Italian tournament is the second most prestigious ground-surface tournament after the French Open.
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