The Moscow Tournament, also known as the Kremlin Cup, is an annual tennis tournament held at the Olympic Stadium in Moscow, Russia. It is part of the ATP and WTA circuits. It is currently on the men's calendar in the ATP World Tour 250 category.
Carpet - indoors (1990–2006) Hard - indoors (since 2007)
All Moscow Champions
|1990||Andrei Cherkasov||Tim Mayotte||6–2 6–1|
|1991||Andrei Cherkasov (2)||Jakob Hlasek||7–6(7–2) 3–6 7–6(7–5)|
|1992||Marc Rosset||Carl-Uwe Steeb||6–2 6–2|
|1993||Marc Rosset (2)||Patrik Kühnen||6–4 6–3|
|1994||Alexander Volkov||Chuck Adams||6–2 6–4|
|1995||Carl-Uwe Steeb||Daniel Vacek||7–6(7–5) 3–6 7–6(8–6)|
|1996||Goran Ivanišević||Yevgeny Kafelnikov||3–6 6–1 6–3|
|1997||Yevgeny Kafelnikov||Petr Korda||7–6(7–2) 6–4|
|1998||Yevgeny Kafelnikov (2)||Goran Ivanišević||7–6(7–2) 7–6(7–5)|
|1999||Yevgeny Kafelnikov (3)||Byron Black||7–6(7–2) 6–4|
|2000||Yevgeny Kafelnikov (4)||David Prinosil||6–2 7–5|
|2001||Yevgeny Kafelnikov (5)||Nicolas Kiefer||6–4 7–5|
|2002||Paul-Henri Mathieu||Sjeng Schalken||4–6 6–2 6–0|
|2003||Taylor Dent||Sargis Sargsian||7–6(7–5) 6–4|
|2004||Nikolay Davydenko||Greg Rusedski||3–6 6–3 7–5|
|2005||Igor Andreev||Nicolas Kiefer||5–7 7–6(7–3) 6–2|
|2006||Nikolay Davydenko (2)||Marat Safin||6–4 5–7 6–4|
|2007||Nikolay Davydenko (3)||Paul-Henri Mathieu||7–5 7–6(11–9)|
|2008||Igor Kunitsyn||Marat Safin||7–6(8–6) 6–7(4–7) 6–3|
|2009||Mikhail Youzhny||Janko Tipsarević||6–7(5–7) 6–0 6–4|
|2010||Viktor Troicki||Marcos Baghdatis||3–6 6–4 6–3|
|2011||Janko Tipsarević||Viktor Troicki||6–4 6–2|
|2012||Andreas Seppi||Thomaz Bellucci||3–6 7–6(7–3) 6–3|
|2013||Richard Gasquet||Mikhail Kukushkin||4–6 6–4 6–4|
|2014||Marin Čilić||Roberto Bautista Agut||6–4 6–4|
|2015||Marin Čilić (2)||Roberto Bautista Agut||6–4 6–4|
|2016||Pablo Carreño Busta||Fabio Fognini||4–6 6–3 6–2|
|2017||Damir Džumhur||Ričardas Berankis||6–2 1–6 6–4|
|2018||Karen Khachanov||Adrian Mannarino||6–2 6–2|
|2019||Andrey Rublev||Adrian Mannarino||6–4 6–0|
The Kremlin Cup was founded on the eve of the 1990 season by Swiss businessman Sasson Kakshuri and became the first Russian professional tennis tournament of international level. The first six seasons there were only men's competitions, and since 1996 the Kremlin Cup was combined with the Women's Open Championship of Moscow. Since 2000 both tournaments were held not only under one name but also within one game week. The men's prize has always had only the basic category of the ATP main tour, while the women's prize in 1997-2008 was part of the elite segment of the WTA tournaments of the first category.
The prize pool for the first individual men's tournament was $330,000, and over the next five years the organizers were able to increase the payout to players to $1.1 million, keeping it at that level for four seasons. The prize fund of the first women's tournament was $400,000, but a year later it was raised to $925,000 and by 2006 it reached its peak of $1.34 million.
From 1990 to 2018, the tournament was held at the Olympic Sports Complex, where the hard courts (in recent years, RuCourt) were laid for the tournament. Four courts were playable, and several more courts were laid only for training participants. The capacity of the grandstands was 15 thousand spectators. After the Olympic Sports Complex closed for renovation, the tournament was moved to the Krylatskoe Ice Palace. Four game courts were equipped; the capacity of the central court was 6,000 people. The ice surface was not melted. The neighboring Krylatskoe cycling track was used for training.
The 2020 tournament, which was scheduled for the second half of October, was canceled in mid-September for the first time in 30 years due to the COVID-19 pandemic situation. Meanwhile, another Russian ATP St. Petersburg Open tournament was held in October 2020.
The men's tournament has been recognized three times by the ATP as the best competition of their main tour organization: in 1993, 1994, and 1996.
In 2017, VTB Bank became the title sponsor of the competition, after which the tournament was renamed "VTB Kremlin Cup.
Winners and finalists
Winners of the Kremlin Cup in total in all categories were representatives of 36 countries. Russians are by far the leaders with the greatest number of victories (47). The tennis players from the USA (13) and Czech Republic (12) also won more than 10 times.
The record holder in the men's singles competition in the number of titles is Evgeny Kafelnikov, who has played six consecutive home finals and won five titles. Russia's Nikolay Davydenko has won three singles titles. Between 1997 and 2009, Russian tennis players won 11 of 13 titles. From 2010 to 2017, no Russian player reached the finals.
More Content about Countries and Nations