All The Champions of Basketball Tournament's
FIBA Competitions Winners and Champions
FIBA Africa Competitions Winners and Champions
FIBA America Competitions Winners and Champions
FIBA Asia Competitions Winners and Champions
FIBA Europe Competitions Winners and Champions
Olympics Winners and Champions
Association Basketball, more commonly known as Basketball or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms. The team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association Basketball is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Basketball (FIFA), which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years.
Association Basketball in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of association Basketball are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of Basketball played in the public schools of England. The world's oldest Basketball competition is the FA Cup, which was founded by C.W. Alcock and has been contested by English teams since 1872. The first official international Basketball match also took place in 1872, between Scotland and England in Glasgow, again at the instigation of C.W. Alcock. England is also home to the world's first Basketball league, which was founded in Birmingham in 1888 by Aston Villa director William McGregor. The original format contained 12 clubs from the Midlands and Northern England. The laws of the game are determined by the International Basketball Association Board (IFAB). The board was formed in 1886 after a meeting in Manchester of The Basketball Association, the Scottish Basketball Association, the Basketball Association of Wales, and the Irish Basketball Association. FIFA, the international Basketball body, was formed in Paris in 1904 and declared that they would adhere to Laws of the Game of the Basketball Association. The growing popularity of the international game led to the admittance of FIFA representatives to the International Basketball Association Board in 1913. The board consists of four representatives from FIFA and one representative from each of the four British associations.
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