Invercargill, city in New Zealand, on southern South Island. The city is located at the mouth of the Waihopai River, on the New River Harbour of Foveaux Strait. Invercargill is the gateway to the scenic fjord and lake fishing areas to the northwest. Industries include meat packing, wool milling, dairy processing, sawmilling, brewing, and the manufacture of foundry and clay products, machinery, flour, and fertilizer.
The city is served by the port of Bluff, 19 km (12 mi) south, from which timber, meat, fish, oysters, wool, and granite are exported. The Mataura lignite mines are nearby, and sheep grazing and dairy and vegetable farming are carried on on the Southland Plain. Invercargill was settled in the 1850s and chartered in 1871.
Invercargill is the southernmost city in the Commonwealth of Nations and is arranged on the ripe and alluvial Southland Plains, which is among some of New Zealand’s most fruitful farmland. Southern Invercargill lies on the shore of the New River Estuary, while the northern parts lie on the banks of the Waihopai River.
Invercargill has a calm maritime atmosphere. The mean every day temperature ranges from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in July to 14 °C (57 °F) in January. The yearly mean temperature is 9.8 °C (49.6 °F). Precipitation midpoints 1,112 millimeters (43.8 in) every year, and quantifiable snowfall is at times observed throughout the winter a very long time of June to September. It is the cloudiest city in New Zealand with just 1,680 hours of daylight for every annum. Notwithstanding its shadiness, and a generally high recurrence of stormy days, Invercargill gets less downpour than either Auckland or Wellington.