Canberra, city, southeastern Australia, the capital of the nation, in the Australian Capital Territory. Canberra is an advanced, quickly growing city situated on the Molonglo River (a tributary of the Murrumbidgee River) in a transcendently rural area. It is worked around the falsely made Lake Burley Griffin and is the financial place for the adjacent networks of Woden-Weston Creek, Belconnen, and Queanbeyan. The legislature is the central manager in Canberra, yet the travel industry and light-assembling enterprises are developing.
Significant tourist spots in Canberra incorporate the new Parliament House (opened in 1988); the Church of Saint John the Baptist (1840s); Captain Cook Memorial Water Jet, situated in Lake Burley Griffin; and the Australian War Memorial, which incorporates an exhibition hall and a craftsmanship display. Different locales incorporate the National Library (1960); the Australian National Gallery (1982), lodging works by Australian and different craftsmen; the High Court of Australia building; and the city focus.
Major instructive establishments and scholarly associations in the Canberra zone are the Australian National University (1946), Canberra School of Music (1965), the University of Canberra (1990; some time ago Canberra College of Advanced Education), the Australian Defense Force Academy (1981), the Australian Academy of Science (1954), and the Australian Academy of the Humanities (1969). Mount Stromlo Observatory is likewise here. Canberra fills in as the home office of Australia’s biggest logical research body, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.
The site of Canberra was settled by Europeans in 1824, and in 1908 the inadequately populated territory was picked to be the capital of Australia. The American planner Walter Burley Griffin won a universal challenge for the structure of the new city. Development started in 1913 yet was hindered by World War I (1914-1918). Just in 1927 was the national parliament moved here from Melbourne, which had been its brief seat since 1901. Canberra’s populace developed quickly following World War II (1939-1945).
Canberra has a subtropical good country atmosphere. In January, the hottest month, the normal high is around 28 °C (82 °F); be that as it may, in July, the coldest month, the normal high drops to roughly 11 °C (52 °F). Canberra is less moist than the adjacent beach front territories.