Valletta is the capital city of Malta. Situated in the south east of the island, between Marsamxett Harbor toward the west and the Grand Harbor toward the east. Valletta is the southernmost capital of Europe. Valletta’s sixteenth century structures were built by the Knights Hospitaller. The city is Baroque in character, with components of Mannerist, Neo-Classical and Modern engineering, however the Second World War left significant scars on the city, especially the devastation of the Royal Opera House.
The city was authoritatively perceived as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980. The city’s fortresses, comprising of bastions, shades and cavaliers, alongside the excellence of its Baroque castles, gardens and holy places, drove the decision places of Europe to give the city its epithet Superbissima—Italian for Most Proud.