Tirana, city in focal Albania, capital of the nation and of Tirana District, on the Ishm River. It is the biggest city and the vital business, assembling, and social focus of the nation. Tirana is associated by rail with the port city of Durrës, on the Adriatic Sea. Real items incorporate materials, metal products, footwear, horticultural apparatus, and handled sustenance.
Tirana is the site of the University of Tirana (1957), the Institute of Agriculture (1951), the Academy of Sciences (1972), and the National Library (1922). Focal points incorporate the Albanian National Culture Museum; the Natural Science Museum (1948); the National Historical Museum (1981); the Museum of Archeology (1948); an expressive arts display; and the Mosque of Etehem Bey (mid nineteenth century), situated on Skenderbeg Square.
The settlement, set up in the mid seventeenth century during the Ottoman Empire’s control of Albania, was initially known as Teheran. It turned into the capital of Albania in 1920.