Tallinn, city, capital of Estonia, on the Bay of Tallinn (a channel of the Gulf of Finland). It is a significant Baltic port and maritime station and a significant modern focus. Makes incorporate apparatus, electrical gear, ships, materials, furniture, and canned fish. The city comprises of three segments: an upper town on a precarious slope beat by a fortress (thirteenth century to fourteenth century), a lower walled town worked during medieval occasions (fourteenth century to sixteenth century), and another region. Tallinn is the home of the Estonian Academy of Sciences and a polytechnic school. It has a few theaters, two ensemble symphonies, and a drama organization. Specked with taking off church towers and guard towers, and connected by a maze of cobblestone roads, a large portion of Tallinn resembles a medieval settlement as opposed to of a cutting edge capital city.
The main notice of a settlement on the site of Tallinn dates from 1154. In 1219 King Waldemar II of Denmark set up a post on the site. The name Tallinn originates from the Estonian Taani Linn, signifying «Danish palace.» The manor’s stone dividers and guard towers intersperse the city today. The town joined the Hanseatic League in 1285 and before long achieved extensive business significance. In 1346 the Danes offered Tallinn to the Teutonic Knights. It was obtained by Sweden in 1561 and was attached by Russia in 1710. The city at that point turned into a maritime base for the Russian Baltic armada.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years war and ailment took substantial human and financial tolls on Tallinn. In the nineteenth century the city at long last turned around its financial decay after the Russians assembled railways and created businesses in the district. Tallinn was the capital of autonomous Estonia from 1919 to 1940, when the republic was attached by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The city was involved by German powers in 1941. Retaken by the USSR in 1944, the city at that point filled in as the capital of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) until 1991, when Estonia again turned into an autonomous republic.