Stockholm, capital city and seaport of Sweden, on the eastern shore of the nation, where Lake Mälaren enters the Baltic Sea. It is additionally the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is arranged on around 20 islands and the adjoining terrain and is the biggest city and the main business, producing, monetary, transportation, and social focus of Sweden. Significant fabricates incorporate written words, electrical gear, prepared nourishment, hardware, metal items, paper, synthetic concoctions, materials, and garments. Government activities, the travel industry, and shipbuilding additionally are essential to the city’s monetary base.
Stockholm is known for its excellence; it has numerous conduits and much parkland and is frequently alluded to as the Venice of the North. It is the seat of the University of Stockholm (1877); the Royal Institute of Technology (1827); the College of Fine Arts (1735); schools of music, financial matters, medication, and physical instruction; the Royal Library; the Nobel Foundation (1900), which regulates the granting of Nobel Prizes; and the Swedish Academy (1786). Among the numerous galleries in the city are the Swedish Museum of Natural History; the National Museum, with huge accumulations of canvases, model, drawings, and prints; the Contemporary Art Museum; the National Museum of Science and Technology; the Ethnographical Museum of Sweden, with a gathering of ancient rarities from around the globe; and the National Maritime Museum, with presentations identifying with Swedish maritime and shipper marine history.
Different focal points incorporate the Royal Palace (finished 1754), the thirteenth century Church of Saint Nicholas, or Storkyrkan (Great Church), and the seventeenth century Riddarhuset (Hall of Nobles), all on the island of Städsholmen; Riddarholm Church (started late thirteenth century), in which a considerable lot of Sweden’s rulers are covered, on the island of Riddarholmen; and the House of Parliament, on the island of Helgeandsholmen. Additionally of note are the Stadshuset (City Hall), structured by the Swedish draftsman Ragnar Östberg and worked somewhere in the range of 1911 and 1923, and the zoo and outdoors historical center in Skansen, a mainstream park. Among the performing-expressions establishments that are bolstered by the city of Stockholm are the Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, the Royal Dramatic Theater, and the Royal Ballet.
In spite of the fact that the zone had for some time been occupied, Stockholm was not built up until the mid-thirteenth century. This settlement created as an exchanging focus after business ties were set up with urban areas that were individuals from the Hanseatic League (a business organization of European urban areas), especially Lübeck. In 1520 the crowning liturgy of Christian II, lord of Denmark and Norway, as ruler of Sweden occurred here. To reinforce his situation in Sweden, Christian had various Swedish aristocrats slaughtered during what has been known as the Stockholm Massacre. After three years Danish standard was ousted, and Gustav I Vasa moved toward becoming ruler of Sweden, with Stockholm as the focal point of his realm. The city turned into a prominent social focus in the seventeenth century, and its principle development as a modern network started around 1850. The 1912 Olympic Games were held in Stockholm.