Marseille or Marseilles, city in southern France, capital of Bouches-du-Rhône Department, on the Gulf of Lion (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea). The second biggest city of France after Paris, it is a noteworthy seaport and a significant business and mechanical focus. The city is connected by channel with the Rhône River and is served by broad rail and air transport offices; the huge oil port of Fos, primarily created during the 1970s, is adjacent. Fabricates of the Marseille metropolitan region incorporate iron and steel, synthetic concoctions, plastic and metal items, ships, refined oil, development materials, cleanser, and prepared nourishment.
In the bay fronting Marseille are a few islands, including the islet of If, site of the sixteenth century Château d’If, referenced in The Count of Monte Cristo (1844), by the French author Alexandre Dumas père. A few posts ensure the harbor, and on a high piece of land anticipating west into the sound is the nineteenth century Church of Notre Dame de la Garde, surmounted by an overlaid statue of the Virgin Mary. The principle shopping locale is along an expansive street called the Canebière. Marseille has couple of relics of the antiquated period, in spite of the fact that it is the most established city in France. In the late 1960s archeologists revealed portions of the Hellenistic bulwarks of the city, and a segment of the medieval Cathedral of La Major still stands. In the eleventh century sepulchers, over which the Church of Saint Victor was worked in the thirteenth century, is a picture of the Virgin Mary expected to have been finished by St. Luke. Instructive and social offices in the city incorporate the colleges of Aix-Marseille I and II (1970) and exhibition halls of archaic exploration, sending, and expressive arts.
Around 600 bc the site of Marseille was colonized by Greeks from Asia Minor and called Massalia. The settlement prospered, and during the Punic Wars in the second and third hundreds of years bc it favored Rome against Carthage. In 49 bc, subsequent to supporting Pompey the Great in the common war against Julius Caesar, the city was added by Rome. The occupants were changed over to Christianity during the third century advertisement , and in 304 St. Vincent was martyred here. In the tenth century it turned into a domain of the checks of Provence, and in the thirteenth century it was made a republic. The city was consolidated into the kingdom of France in 1481.
Business at the port expanded in the eighteenth century, before enduring an extreme difficulty during the French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815). After 1850 port offices were extraordinarily extended, and numerous businesses were built up at Marseille. The city was involved and severely harmed by the Germans in World War II (1939-1945). In this way, significant development projects changed Marseille into a cutting edge network with some elevated structures. A significant number of the city’s occupants are relatives of migrants from Italy, Spain, and North Africa. Marseille was additionally a noteworthy resettlement point for previous pioneers who came back to Europe when Algeria wound up autonomous in 1962.