Lisbon, capital and biggest city of Portugal, and furthermore capital of Lisbon District, in western Portugal, on the Tajo (Tejo) River where the waterway grows before it enters the Atlantic Ocean. Lisbon is the focal point of the nation’s rail and parkway organize, and a universal air terminal is close by. The major modern and business region of Portugal, Lisbon has an especially fine harbor and is additionally the main seaport.
The city is based on the terraced sides of a scope of low slopes ignoring the harbor. In the more seasoned segment the boulevards are restricted and slanted, yet the more current segment has straight, expansive, tree-lined roads, attractive squares, and broad open nurseries. Lisbon is the seat of an archbishopric and contains numerous old holy places, communities, and religious communities.
Outstanding instructive and social establishments in the city incorporate a few libraries, historical centers, and schools and colleges, the most seasoned of which is the University of Lisbon (1288).
Lisbon is accepted to have been established by the Phoenicians and involved by the Romans in the second century bc and by the Visigoths in the fifth century promotion. The city was held by the Moors from 716 until it was recovered by the Portuguese in 1147. Around 1260 Lisbon turned into the capital of the kingdom of Portugal, and following a time of frontier development, it wound up probably the wealthiest city in Europe. It declined in significance during the time of Spanish principle (1580-1640).