Dublin, capital, district ward, and seaport of Ireland, area town of region Dublin, in Leinster Province. It is at the mouth of the Liffey River, on Dublin Bay, a delta of the Irish Sea. The city is connected by ship administrations with Cork, Ireland; Belfast, Northern Ireland; and different ports in England, Scotland, and France.
The primary known settlement on the site of Dublin was called Eblana, a name found in the compositions of the second century Alexandrian geographer Ptolemy. The town later shows up in history as Dubh-linn (Gaelic for «Dark Pool»), the occupants of which won (ad291) a military triumph over the military of the kingdom of Leinster. Baile Átha Cliath, the present authority name, is accepted to have been applied to the settlement at a consequent date.
Dublin has regularly figured conspicuously in Irish history. Its occupants were changed over to Christianity around 450 by Saint Patrick, later the benefactor holy person of Ireland. The town was caught in the ninth century by the Danes. The defiant Irish wrested control of Dublin from the Danes on various events during the following three centuries, remarkably in 1052, 1075, and 1124. In 1171 the Danes were removed by the Anglo-Normans, drove by Henry II, ruler of England. He held his court in Dublin in 1172 and later made the town a reliance of the English city of Bristol. English overlordship in Dublin stayed unchallenged until 1534, when the Irish loyalist Thomas Fitzgerald laid brief attack to the city throughout a defiance.
In the seventeenth century, during the English common wars known as the Great Rebellion, Dublin was given up to English parliamentary powers to keep the city from tumbling to the Irish. Dublin stayed under British control until the Irish insurgence of 1798, during which an endeavor to hold onto the city finished in disappointment. A second endeavor in 1803, drove by Robert Emmet, likewise finished lamentably. Further fruitless rebellions happened in Dublin in 1847 and in 1867. Dublin was the location of probably the most serious battling of the Irish resistance of 1916 and of the transformation of 1919 to 1921, which brought about the foundation of the Irish Free State.
The city involves a by and large level site, which is separated an eastern and western way by the Liffey. The waterway is spread over by ten extensions, prominently O’Connell’s Bridge, which connections the fundamental avenues of the city. Aside from in its southwestern part, where the boulevards are tight and slanted, Dublin is very much spread out, with wide roads and roomy squares. These are particularly various in the southeastern and northeastern quarters, which additionally contain numerous stately old houses. Roundabout Drive, a lane 14 km (9 mi) long, stretches out along what was the outskirts of the city toward the finish of the nineteenth century. From that point forward, as far as possible have been impressively broadened. The port region, limited to the lower spans of the Liffey, has quays and bowls open to bigger vessels. Two trenches, the Royal (154 km/96 mi) and the Grand (335 km/208 mi), give associations between the port region and the northern and southern parts of the Shannon River.
Dominatingly a business city, Dublin is likewise the chief port and exchanging focus of Ireland.