Bern, city, capital of Switzerland and furthermore capital of Bern Canton, in western Switzerland. It is arranged on an elevated projection encompassed on three sides by a twist of the Aare River. The old parapets of the city, changed over into promenades, direction a grand perspective on the encompassing snow capped landscape.
The bear is the heraldic symbol of Bern, and a bear pit, kept up since 1513, is one of the prominent sights of the city. Head open structures are the places of parliament; a Gothic house of God, started in 1421 and completed in 1611; and the town lobby, dating from 1406. The University of Bern (1834) has branches of law, drug, reasoning and science, and religious philosophy. Bern Library, which presently incorporates the college library, contains numerous compositions and uncommon books. Bern has four historical centers, containing, individually, accumulations of Swiss craftsmanship and shows managing history, common history, and high subjects.
The important exercises carried on in the city are legislative and authoritative. Different global associations, quite the Universal Postal Union, have central station here. Modern movement incorporates the creation of fine logical instruments, materials, apparatus, synthetic concoctions and pharmaceuticals, and chocolates. Two extraordinary yearly fairs are held at Bern, and it has an enormous steed and dairy cattle showcase.
Bern was established in 1191 and made a free magnificent city in 1218. It joined the Swiss Confederation in 1353. The alleged Disputation of Bern between Roman Catholics and Reformers in 1528 arranged the path for acknowledgment of the Reformed regulation in Switzerland. The attack of Switzerland in 1798 by the French progressive armed force toppled the distinguished system, and during the nineteenth century the intensity of the congregation was constrained, the constitution changed, and the standard of the submission embraced.