Barcelona, city, northeastern Spain, capital of Barcelona Province and the autonomoust area of Catalonia, a seaport on the Mediterranean Sea between the Llobregat and Besós waterways. Barcelona is the second biggest Spanish city in populace and the key modern and business focal point of the nation. The central produces are materials, accuracy instruments, apparatus, railroad hardware, paper, glass, and plastics. Barcelona is a noteworthy Mediterranean port and a monetary and distributing focus of Spain.
Barcelona Province, the most crowded and industrialized of the Spanish territories, is rocky, with prolific fields and a low, sandy coast. Horticultural items incorporate stopper, olives, grains, vegetables, grapes, almonds, oranges, and peaches. Bond and materials are the real makes, and lignite and potash are mined.
The most established segment of the city of Barcelona, once encased by dividers, was based on the harbor and is crossed by the Rambla, a cleared lane reaching out from the harbor to the Plaza de Cataluña, the point of convergence of the city. The boulevards of the old area are limited and warped; in the more up to date segments they are wide and straight, and the structures are present day. Commanding Barcelona’s skyscape are the phenomenal openwork towers of Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia (Church of the Sacred Family), a colossal, incomplete house of God prominent for the intricate examples and undulating bends normal for its manufacturer, the Catalan planner Antonio Gaudí y Cornet. Different purposes of real intrigue incorporate the Church of San Pablo del Campo (914), the Gothic Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, a landmark to Christopher Columbus, and the adjacent pinnacle Tibidabo (532 m/1745 ft). Among the numerous social organizations are the University of Barcelona (1450), the Autonomous University of Barcelona (1968), the Royal Archives of Aragón, the Archeological Museum, the Museum of Ancient Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Contemporary Art Museum.
As indicated by legend, Barcelona was established as Barcino around 230 bc by the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca. The locale turned out to be a piece of the Roman Empire in the third century bc; it was governed by the Visigoths in the fifth century promotion , was vanquished by the Moors in 713, and was caught by Charlemagne, King of the Franks, in 801. Under Frankish guideline the city and the supporting district turned into oneself overseeing province of Catalonia, or Barcelona. The area was retained into the kingdom of Aragón in 1137. Barcelona from that point picked up in business and political significance as a Mediterranean exchanging and sending focus. Barcelona’s flourishing decreased after the kingdoms of Aragón and Castile joined in 1479 and along these lines forced prohibitive exchange strategies on the city. In 1833 Barcelona Province was built up, with Barcelona as the common capital.
In the nineteenth and twentieth hundreds of years Barcelona was a focal point of Catalan regionalism, political agitation, and mechanical distress. During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) the city was the seat of the independent Catalan government and was a Loyalist fortress. It was intensely bombarded in 1938 by the extremists, or Nationalists, who at long last caught the city on January 26, 1939. Barcelona’s determination as the site for the 1992 Summer Olympics started an enormous civil redevelopment program.
The region of Barcelona Province is 7733 sq km (2986 sq mi);