Baku or Baky, capital and biggest city of Azerbaijan, on the Abseron Peninsula in the southeastern piece of the nation. A port on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, the city is near significant oil fields close to the outskirt with Iran, and oil refining is its central industry. Pipelines convey oil items to Bat’umi, Georgia, on the Black Sea. Baku additionally has shipyards and manufacturing plants delivering metal link and cotton, cowhide, and nourishment items.
The old quarter (ninth century) of Baku contains the enormous post of Icheri-Shekher (with restricted avenues, mosques, and a minaret dating from 1078) and the khan’s royal residence (seventeenth century, presently a historical center). A tram framework was opened in the city in 1967. Baku is the site of Baku State University (1919), a drama house, and a few theaters and galleries.
Oil was separated in the Baku locale as ahead of schedule as the eighth century. In the twelfth century the city turned into the seat of the Shirvan khans. Baku was under Persian principle from 1509 until 1723, when it was caught by the Russians; it was come back to Persia in 1735. In 1806 the city was again joined into Russia, and by the late nineteenth century it had started its quick monetary development. From 1918 to 1920 Baku was the capital of an enemy of Bolshevik system. After the Soviet triumph over the republic, the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic was pronounced in 1922, with Baku as its capital. Baku filled in as the capital of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic from 1920 to 1922 and from 1936 to 1991. In 1991 Azerbaijan turned into an autonomous republic. In 1994 Baku was the area of fear monger assaults and enormous showings against the administration.