Cities in Asia – Cities in Yemen – Sanaa City
Sanaa, city and political capital of Yemen, located in Sanaa Province, on a plateau northeast of the port of Al udaydah. Sanaa is the commercial center of a fruit-growing region. It is divided into 2 regions with the junction formed by the palace of the former imams, or rulers, of Yemen. The eastern region has several mosques and a market where jewelry, silver and leather goods, silks, and carpets are made and sold. The western section is largely residential. Sanaa University is in the city. Sanaa first became an important center in the 4th century ad, in the kingdom of an ancient Arabian people, the Himyarites. The city was included in the Muslim caliphate in 632, and it came under the control of the Ottoman Empire in the 1870s. Formerly the capital of the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), Sanaa became the political capital of the Republic of Yemen when the YAR merged with the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen in 1990.