Cities in Asia – Cities in Saudi Arabia – Medina City
Medina, city in western Saudi Arabia, situated in the Al Hijaz district. Called Madinah al-munawwara («Medina the Radiant») in Arabic, the city is underdog to Mecca in otherworldly significance among Muslims. The Prophet Muhammad, the originator of Islam, emigrated from Mecca to Medina in 622. The displacement, known as the Hegira, denotes the main year of the Islamic schedule. Medina was the seat of the initial four caliphs, or leaders of Islam, who extended the grounds under Islamic principle through transformation and success after the passing of Muhammad in 632. The city’s most significant strict site is the Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad. The mosque contains Muhammad’s tomb just as the tombs of other significant figures from the early long stretches of Islam.
Despite the fact that the Umayyad line moved the seat of the Islamic caliphate to Damascus in 661, Medina kept on being a significant city in Al Hijaz. Preferred supplied with characteristic assets over close by Mecca, Medina flaunted enormous date palm estates and different developments. Stonemasons through the ages utilized the inexhaustible neighborhood volcanic basalt to assemble the city’s trademark dim structures.
Medina went under the control of the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century. During the principal many years of the nineteenth century, the city was looted by strict Islamic powers known as Wahhabis before being recovered by an Egyptian armed force battling for the benefit of the Ottomans. In 1908 Medina turned into the southern end of the Al Hijaz Railway, worked by the Ottomans to help control the district. The railroad connected Medina and Mecca with Damascus. During World War I (1914-1918) the Ottoman army in Medina withstood an attack of quite a long while by the powers of Husein ibn Ali, the pioneer of the British-supported Arab rebel against the Ottomans. In 1925 Medina tumbled to the powers of Abdul Aziz ibn Saud and the city was fused into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.