Cities in Asia – Cities in Saudi Arabia – Mecca City
Mecca, city in western Saudi Arabia, situated in the Al Hijaz district, close to Jiddah. Mecca is the origin of the Prophet Muhammad (the author of Islam), the focal point of journey for Muslims, and the point of convergence of their day by day petitions. In Arabic, the city is known as Makkah al-mukkaramah («Mecca the favored»). Journey to the city is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is expected of all capable grown-up Muslims in any event once in their lifetimes. The journey is the characterizing factor in the development and life of the city. The flood of near 2 million explorers every year during the most recent month of the Islamic schedule is a terrific human exhibition just as one of the biggest calculated and regulatory endeavors on the planet.
Situated in a parched valley encompassed by rough slopes, Mecca has had strict and business centrality for a considerable length of time. Muslims accept that one of the city’s hallowed destinations, the Kaaba, was worked by the Old Testament patriarch Abraham and his child, Ishmael (to whom Arab individuals follow their plummet), and that a close by well, Zamzam, was utilized by Ishmael’s mom, Hagar. The city remained at the intersection of two significant exchange highways: one associating southern Arabia with the terrains of Egypt and Syria, and the other connecting the Red Sea with the Persian Gulf coast and Mesopotamia.
When Muhammad was conceived in around 570, Mecca had turned into a significant exchanging focus. After the spread of Islam and the development of the Muslim people group, the fortunes of Mecca rose and fell with the yearly back and forth movement of travelers. Right up ‘til the present time, the economy of the city depends, as it were, on obliging, encouraging, moving, and generally thinking about huge quantities of travelers.
Mecca was driven by neighborhood sharifs, rulers who guaranteed drop from Muhammad, from 966 until the twentieth century. In 1517, in any case, the sharifs of Mecca went under the authority of the growing Ottoman Empire. During World War I (1914-1918), Sharif Husein ibn Ali, with British help, pronounced an Arab rebel against the Ottomans, removing them from the city in 1916. In 1924 focal Arabian ruler Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, the organizer of Saudi Arabia, vanquished Husein’s powers and included Mecca and the Al ?ijaz area to his space.