Cities in Asia – Cities in Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek City
Bishkek, earlier Frunze and Pishpek, city, capital of Kyrgyzstan. Situated in the watered Chu River valley, it is a transportation and modern focus. Produces incorporate homestead hardware, prepared nourishment, materials, and development materials. Kyrgyz State University (1951), the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, an ensemble symphony, and a few exhibition halls and theaters are in the city. In the mid-nineteenth century the Uzbek khan of Kokand (present-day Quqon) assembled a stronghold here. The fortress was taken in 1862 by the Russians, who named it (and the encompassing network) Pishpek, a defilement of the first Bishbek. In 1926 the city was renamed Frunze to respect the Soviet armed force authority M. V. Frunze. Its name was changed to Bishkek by the Kyrgyz parliament in mid 1991, preceding the nation’s announcement of freedom.