Cities in Asia – Cities in Turkmenistan – Ashgabat City
Ashgabat, capital and biggest city of Turkmenistan, in the southwestern piece of the nation, around 25 km north of the fringe with Iran. Ashgabat lies in a desert spring close to the Garagum desert. The city is known for its handwoven floor coverings, produced using privately created cotton and karakul fleece.
In the late 1870s Russian warriors and Turkmen clans battled about the Ashgabat locale. The Russians vanquished the Turkmens and in this way manufactured a fortress and settlement at the intersection of parade courses, naming the desert spring town for a close by Turkmen settlement. Significant development started when Ashgabat turned into a station on the Trans-Caspian Railroad in 1885. The Russians before long named Ashgabat the capital of the Transcaspian Oblast.
The Soviet system renamed the city Poltoratsk in 1919 to respect a nearby saint of the Russian Revolution. In any case, the first name was reestablished a couple of years after the fact. The city filled in as the capital of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic from 1924 until 1991, when Turkmenistan turned into an autonomous republic.
Worked in a significant deficiency zone, Ashgabat was diminished to rubble by a monstrous seismic tremor in 1948.