Cities in America – Cities in Argentina – Cordoba City
Córdoba, city in central Argentina, capital of Córdoba Province, on the Río Primero. The city is an important rail and manufacturing center and has a large trade in cattle and cattle products, wool, fruit, and vegetables. Córdoba has a aircraft factory, automobile´’s plants, and plants producing plastics and building materials. The city is the site of the National University of Córdoba, founded by the Jesuits in 1613; the National Academy of Córdoba; an astronomical observatory; and the National Meteorological Institute. The beautiful hill country to the north and south of Córdoba is a popular summer vacation area.
Córdoba was founded in 1573 by the Spaniard Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera and was long noted as a center of learning and piety. For 200 years the Jesuits made the city one of their headquarters in South America. At one time Córdoba was the capital of the Spanish colonial province of Tucumán.